بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم، وصلوات الله وسلامه على أشرف المرسلين
In the name of God, Most Gracious, Most Merciful.
So far (in parts one, two and three), I have analyzed the evidence brought forward to support human-chimp common ancestry. Taking a bird’s eye view of the situation, it’s apparent that the idea of common descent with chimps is essentially a hypothesis and not a proven fact. If you’re trying to answer the question of human origins, and restrict what you look at to purely materialistic explanations (i.e. that we originated from within this universe itself), then it may be the best hypothesis out there, and this is why many scientists have accepted it.
That being said, the evidence brought forward in its favor can have other explanations. Here’s a quick summary of this evidence, as mentioned in the past 2 articles, with the other explanation after the colon:
- Human-chimp similarities: we were created for a common environment and our bodies need to carry out similar functions
- Non-functional similarities: these are actually functional, and the above argument applies
- The fossil record: no evidence for an ape-to-human transition
- Population genetics: based on unprovable assumptions
- Evolutionary psychology: anecdotes, speculation and bad science
- Neanderthals etc: they’re either races of humans, or similarities are due to function
In the next section, I will point out specific empirical evidence which is better explained by humans having a unique origin, than by humans being descended from another species.